House Bill 1442 relates to requiring reasonable suspicion for certain traffic stops. The bill provides that unless a law enforcement officer has a reasonable suspicion that there is a violation of section 39-08-01 (“Persons under the influence of intoxicating liquor or any other drugs or substances not to operate vehicle”), the officer may not halt an operator of a vehicle solely to determine compliance.
The ACLU of North Dakota supports House Bill 1442. Our constitutional right under the Fourth Amendment to live free of “unreasonable searches and seizures” is one of our most cherished—and most threatened. While traditional Fourth Amendment violations continue, new areas of concern crop up every day. We need to ensure that the Fourth Amendment, written over 200 years ago to protect our “persons, houses, papers, and effects” from intrusive searches, evolves to protect today’s equivalents.